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Kaiserreich Beta 0.10 - ‘Blood on the Yangtze’ is out!

Kaiserreich Beta 0.10 - ‘Blood on the Yangtze’
We are out of alpha! Welcome to the first beta version of Kaiserreich for Hearts of Iron 4. We are so happy to be here and couldn’t be more proud of all the work that has been done to get here. We never would have got here without one of the most amazing and passionate communities in all of gaming. Thank you. This update is our largest ever, with no less than 17 pages of changes. Highlights include, of course, the long awaited China update, the Italian rework, new naval changes, our largest ever performance improvement, an insane number of bug fixes and huge quality of life changes. More than ever before, we hope you enjoy playing Kaiserreich!
The KR4 team
P.S. We owe a massive thanks to Dayshine, among others, who have been working on CWTools. It has been an invaluable tool for us and we encourage modders from all Paradox games to make use of it.
P.P.S. We are aware of many people still having trouble with the new launcher. We believe we have identified, and fixed, the cause of some of the issues, though not all. If you are still having trouble, we have written up a guide which we hope will be of some use: https://kaiserreich.fandom.com/wiki/Troubleshooting_the_HoI4_Launcher
Changes
Notable Additions
The Italian Update
Naval Rework 3.0
Added Focus Trees to:
Reworked/expanded focus trees of:
Added Events to/for:
Added Decisions to/for:
Added Custom Paths to/for:
Mapping
GFX
Music Mod
Miscellaneous
Western Europe
Eastern Europe
Southern Europe
Northern Europe
North America
South America
Asia
Africa
Other
Incomplete Content
Fixes
Western Europe
Eastern Europe
Southern Europe
Northern Europe
North America
South America
Asia
Africa
Other
We hope you enjoy playing Kaiserreich as much as we did making it!
- The KR4 Team: Alpinia, Anbory, Arvidus, Beelzebub, Blackfalcon501, DSFDarker, Dr. Njitram, Drozdovite, Edouard Saladier, Eragaxshim, Fbruchmueller, Flamefang, Jeankedezeehond, Jonjon428, Jonny BL, KeetnaWilson, Khalil, Kracc, Krčo, Liegnitz, Maltesefalcon, MantisToboggan, Mifil, OperationsManagementDecisions, PPsyrius, Pietrus, Rei VL, Rinbro, Roniius, Roparex, Rylock, Saladenicoise, Sjarlewis, Skip, Telcontar101, The Alpha Dog, Thomahawk2k, Vidyaország, WordZero, Yard1, Zaddy-Chan and Zankoas
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State of the European Union 2018

State of the European Union 2018

Reddit Live Thread HERE (NOW OVER)

Location: Strasbourg, France.
TL;DR: The State of the European Union speech will be on Wednesday, 12 September, from 09:00 CEST to 10:00 CEST. It will be presented by Jean-Claude Juncker, the President of the European Commission. The parliamentary debate will be held after the speech.
Official live video feeds
Other live coverage
Live Blogs
Hashtags on social media
#SOTEU, #FutureOfEurope
Articles

Programme

The State of the European Union is an annual speech delivered each September by the President of the European Commission before the Members of the European Parliament (MEPs).
At 9:00 Brussels time, President Jean-Claude Juncker, will deliver his speech before a plenary session of the European Parliament. The speech reviews the successes and failures of the Union, declares its general political direction, and sets out the legislative agenda of the European Commission for the year.
Once the hour-long speech has concluded, the European Parliament then holds an open debate, going over the State of the European Union speech, and the political situation throughout the European Union.

Summary of Upcoming Commission Proposals:

  • Improving the detection and removal of terrorist content online within one hour by companies like Google, or they will face fines
  • New rules on stopping data misuse by EU political groupings (EPP, ALDE etc.)
  • Scrapping the biannual clock change in the European Union
  • Upgrading the mandate and resources of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency to a “genuine border police” with 10,000 officials by 2020
  • Upgrading the European Asylum Support Office (future EU Asylum Agency)
  • A new policy on returning migrants, including common conditions and timelines for returns
  • Africa package (creating more paths for legal migration, tackling root causes of migration, trade agreement with Africa etc.)
  • Strengthening the European Banking Authority to tackle money laundering and terrorist financing through more resources and greater enforcement powers
  • Creating a European Cybersecurity Research and Competence Centre
  • Commission initiative to strengthen the enforcement of the rule of law in the European Union
  • Commission communication on the possible extension of the tasks of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office to include the fight against cross-border terrorism
  • Commission communications on enhancing the use of qualified majority voting in common foreign and security policy and the internal market
  • Single Market implementation and enforcement report
  • Commission communication on the future of EU Energy and Climate policy, including the future of the Euratom Treaty
  • Long-term EU strategy for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions
  • "Towards a Sustainable Europe by 2030, on the follow-up to the UN Sustainable Development Goals, including on the Paris Agreement on Climate Change" reflection paper

The President of the European Commission

Jean-Claude Juncker
Term: 1 November 2014 - 31 October 2019
Jean-Claude Juncker started as a deputy in Luxembourg in 1984. Soon after, he started taking on various governmental roles. He because Luxembourg’s minister of finances in 1989, and subsequently became Prime Minister of Luxembourg, holding the office between 1995 and 2013.
Juncker held the Eurogroup presidency from 2005 to 2013, serving 3 terms. He was then chosen as the European People’s Party lead candidate for the 2014 European Parliament elections. He was proposed by the European Council afterwards, and the European Parliament voted in favour of him being President. He has previously announced he will not stand for a second term as President, meaning his tenure will end on the 31st October 2019.

Current European political topics

European Parliament Elections

Between May 23rd to the 26th 2019, elections to the European Parliament will be held. Following Brexit, the amount of MEPs will be reduced to 705, with some of the UK’s MEPs being redistributed to other member states and some being held in reserve for any potential enlargements of the EU.
The European Parliament has confirmed that it will follow the “Spitzenkandidaten” process once more. The European political parties will endorse ‘lead candidates’ ahead of the vote which will compete to be President of the European Commission. The European Council officially proposes a candidate for Commission President, ‘taking into account’ the results of the Parliament elections. However, the European Parliament has already stated it will reject any candidate who was not designated as a ‘lead candidate’ ahead of time.
Candidates:
Candidate Date Announced European Political Party
Maroš Šefčovič 4th June 2018 Party of European Socialists
Ska Keller 9th July 2018 European Greens
Manfred Weber 5th September 2018 European People's Party
Petra de Sutter 12th September 2018 European Greens
The European Commission is set to propose rules that could result in the political parties at the EU level (European People’s Party, Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe etc.) being fined up to 5% of their annual budget if they misuse personal data in a similar way to how Cambridge Analytica operated, trying to influence elections with this data.
As part of a broader package to counter online voter manipulation and personal data misuse for political purposes, the European Commission will recommend that governments should crack down on “micro-targeting”, the practice of sending personalised political messages to users without their consent. It will also be recommended that member states introduce stricter transparency requirements on online political advertising.
Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality Vera Jourova has said that voters should be able to “always understand when something is an online campaign, who runs the campaign, who pays for it and what they want to achieve.” However, she said that the EU wouldn’t go as far as regulating the online activity of any political grouping, stating that the internet is a “zone for free expression.”
Overview of the European Parliament elections, 2019

Eurozone

In the 2017 SOTEU speech, Juncker proposed an EU minister of finance, who would be a Vice-President of the Commission and also President of the Eurogroup, the informal meeting of Eurozone finance ministers. By extension, they would also be Chair of the board of the European Monetary Fund. This minister could oversee the use of EU budgetary instruments and represent the euro area at a global level.
In December 2017, the Commission proposed to integrate the European Stability Mechanism (to become the European Monetary Fund) and the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance into EU law. The possibility of introducing an EU finance minister who would be a Vice President of the Commission as well as chair of the Eurogroup was also floated. They could oversee the budgetary instruments of the EU and represent the Euro area at a global level.
The Meseberg Declaration agreed between France and Germany calls for establishing a eurozone budget for competitiveness, convergence and stablisation within the framework of the EU. Resources would come from national contributions, allocation of tax revenue and European resources. However, 12 EU member states including Austria, Finland and the Netherlands questioned the need for any “fiscal capacity”, saying that there is “wide divergence” on the need for any budget, or at least what form it may take.
More recently, Germany’s deputy finance minister Jörg Kukies has stated that talks on a Eurozone budget should not distract from talks on the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), the EU’s multi-annual budget. The “most pressing issue” was to figure out how the EU budget can contribute to stabilization, competitiveness and convergence. “This is a more relevant question than carving out a separate budget for the Eurozone”.
Under the Commission’s MFF Proposals, the European Commission proposed a €30 billion European Investment Stabilisation Function, which would provide back-to-back loans to a member state experiencing financial difficulties, provided they adhered to relevant EU budgetary rules beforehand.
A Convergence Facility for Member States actively trying to join the euro will be introduced, assisting member states with the reforms needed to do so. Bulgaria is actively attempting to join the euro, and will have to join the system of EU banking supervision (banking union) as well as the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM II) for 2 years before it can join the euro area.
A Reform Support Programme of €25 billion has also been proposed, which would provide financial incentives and also provide technical assistance for EU member states to carry out structural reforms. This programme is voluntary, and the money could be claimed back if the reforms are reversed.
In June 2018, EU leaders agreed in principle on making the European Stability Mechanism the backstop to the Single Resolution Fund. The Fund is used to wind down/resolve banks that have been declared failing or likely to fail by the European Central Bank, and shall reach the target level of at least 1% of the amount of covered deposits of all credit institutions within the Banking Union by 2024. The backstop should effectively double its capacity, providing around €55 billion of support.
Eurozone countries will work towards an agreement in December 2018 to change how the ESM functions, including creating the backstop to the Single Resolution Fund and how the ESM is governed. In future it could be integrated into EU law following the Commission’s proposal.
Eurozone finance ministers also agreed to work towards adopting a roadmap on starting political discussions on a European Deposit Insurance Scheme in December 2018. This Scheme would guarantee deposits of up to €100,000. When a bank is placed into insolvency or in resolution and it is necessary to pay out deposits, the national schemes and the European Deposit Insurance Scheme could intervene.
Factsheets on Deepening Europe’s Economic and Monetary Union

Migration

In June 2018, the European Council adopted conclusions on migration, calling on, among other things, for vessels operating in the Mediterranean to respect international law and not impede the work of the Libyan Coast Guard. Disembarkation platforms in third countries from which some asylum seekers could be relocated and voluntary controlled centres in EU member states were an option agreed to, though no country has currently agreed to host either. There was also agreement on the need to have dedicated funds to manage external migration in the next MFF.
The aim of ‘controlled centres’ inside the EU would be to improve the process of distinguishing between those individuals who qualify for refugee status, and those who don’t. The centres would be managed by a Member State with support from EU agencies. The Commission has offered to assist any member state granting access to their ports for disembarkation through a disembarkation team, which could include around 500 people from Frontex, Europol and the European Asylum Support Office. The EU budget could also cover all infrastructure and operational costs. The initial registration and asylum screening process could be as short as 72 hours.
For those Member States which agree to process a share of those disembarked from sea, the Commision is offering to allocate €6,000 per person relocated and will cover the transfer costs of €500 per person given to the country of disembarkation.
The European Commission intends to propose an upgrade to the European Border and Coastguard Agency (Frontex) to have 10,000 officiers by 2020, though most of them could be from a pool of national border guards to start with, with 50% of staff being permanent by 2027. It will have the power to bear arms, and would aim to intercept new arrivals, stop unauthorised travel between EU states and accelerate the return of rejected asylum seekers to their countries of origin, even without the consent of the member state. The agency would also gain more powers to exchange information with third countries. A senior EU official has been quoted as saying “we want to federalise external border protection as much as possible and help out countries on the front line.” However, certain EU member states such as Malta are reluctant about further competence shifts to Frontex.
The Italian government has recently been rejecting NGO vessels rescuing migrants in the Mediterranean from docking in Italy, though other member states such as Malta and France have done this as well. Italy has also rejected permission for Italian navy ships to dock in Italy to disembark rescued migrants, and threatened to torpedo Operation Sophia (the EU’s naval mission in the Mediterranean to combat people smuggling) if the rules weren’t changed to stop the automatic disembarkation of rescued migrants in Italy. The possibility of simply rejecting Sophia vessels from docking in Italian ports was also floated.
On 24th August, the Italian government threatened to withhold its EU budget contribution if other EU countries didn’t agree to taking migrants from the Italian Coast Guard ship Diciotti, currently stranded in an Italian port. The European Commission called a meeting of 12 EU member states, but no agreement was found at that meeting.
Only Ireland and Albania agreed to take in some of the migrants, and Italy also threatened to veto the EU’s next multi-year budget, the Multiannual Financial Framework if the EU didn’t start to share in the intake of migrants. The MFF is adopted by unanimous approval among member states following the approval of the European Parliament.
Commissioner for Budget and Human Resources Günther Oettinger pointed out that Italy refusing to pay its budgetary contribution would be the first time that event happened in the history of the European Union, and Italy would potentially face both late interest payments and sanctions.
The reform of the Common European Asylum System, comprising 7 proposals, may be touched upon:
Proposal Description Stage of legislative process
Dublin Regulation Determines which member state is responsible for processing an application for international protection EP adopted position, Council yet to adopt a position
Eurodac Regulation Strengthen the Eurodac fingerprint database by collecting more data such as facial images to facilitate returns and help tackle irregular migration Political agreement
EU Asylum Agency Upgrading the European Asylum Support Office to a full EU Asylum Agency, providing guidance and assistance for assessments of asylum applications Agreement, but won’t be adopted until other proposals finalised
Asylum Procedure Regulation Aims to achieve a fully harmonised EU procedure for granting and withdrawing international protection EP adopted position, Council yet to adopt a position
Qualification Regulation Harmonised protection standards and rights for asylum seekers, ensuring asylum seekers are treated in the same way in all member states Negotiations between EP and Council
Reception Conditions Directive Harmonised EU reception standards for asylum seekers Negotiations between EP and Council
EU Resettlement Framework Common framework for EU member states resettling recognised refugees from outside EU territory Negotiations between EP and Council
There will be a report on progress during the October 2018 European Council.
The latest proposals from the Austrian presidency are to have a form of “mandatory” solidarity whereby member states are free to help with migration either by taking in migrants, giving experts and equipment or contributing in some other way. However, Italy reportedly rejects this plan and wants more relocation of migrants. Background information: Finding solutions to migratory pressures
Background information: Reform of EU asylum rules
Commission factsheets on migration

Trade

In July 2018, President Trump and President Juncker came to an agreement on trade which provided for negotiations which would explore the possibility of negotiating a deal facilitating zero tariffs, zero non-tariff barriers and zero subsidies on non-auto industrial goods. Tariffs on automobiles are stopped for as long as there is suitable progress on negotiations, with the tariffs on steel and aluminium being reviewed.
Trump later dismissed the EU’s offer on tariffs as “not good enough” and said the EU’s trade policies were almost as bad as China’s after Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmström said the EU was “willing to bring down...our car tariffs to zero”, provided the USA did the same. The USA is holding out on the prospect of a partial trade deal within the next two months.
If tariffs on cars were to be introduced, the European Commission has been working on a list of US products that would face retaliatory tariffs.
Italy has threatened to veto the ratification of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) negotiated with Canada. Currently, the trade deal is provisionally applied, meaning most of its provisions are in force pending the ratification of all member states. If a member state fails to ratify, provisional application has to be terminated.
In last year’s SOTEU speech, Juncker announced that all proposed negotiating mandates for future trade and investment details would be published, starting for the negotiations with Australia and New Zealand.
The status of the EU’s trade deal negotiations is as follows:
Country Status
Australia Negotiation, 2nd round in November
Canada Provisionally applied since 21st September 2017, but CJEU case pending on the compatibility of its court system with EU law. Austria’s and Belgium’s ratification depend on the outcome of this case.
Chile Negotiation, 3rd round concluded in June 2018, no new date set.
Indonesia Negotiation, 6th round in October 2018
Japan Signed, but yet to be ratified by the European Parliament and the Council of the EU. Aim to be applied by April 2019, before Brexit. No national ratification is needed.
Singapore Commission has proposed decision to sign and ratify the EU-Singapore agreements. The FTA will only need European Parliament and Council of Ministers approval, while the Investment Protection Agreement will need that in addition to national ratification.
Mercosur Negotiation, next round September 10th - 14th, will require national ratification.
New Zealand Negotiation, 1st round concluded in July 2018
Mexico Agreement in principle, aim to finish the legal text by the end of 2018.
Vietnam Currently undergoing translation into all EU languages, Commission will then propose to sign and ratify the deal. Also split into a Free Trade Agreement (EP/Council approval) and an Investment Protection Agreement (requiring national ratification).

Rule of Law

In December 2017, the European Commission activated Article 7(1) for the first time in the history of the EU, citing threats to the rule of law and judicial independence in Poland. Infringement proceedings have also been launched against the Law on Ordinary Courts, and most recently against the Law on the Supreme Court, which may have forced around 40% of Supreme Court judges to retire. The Supreme Court has suspended the law as it awaits the results of a CJEU case on the law.
The European Parliament will vote on whether or not to Article 7(1) against Hungary later today, determining a clear risk of a serious breach of the EU’s values, after the Civil Liberties committee adopted a report recommending its activation. The European Parliament will have to vote by a ⅔ majority to trigger the article, though abstentions will not count towards this threshold. The European People’s Party, of which the governing party of Hungary Fidesz is a member, will be given a free vote on the matter.
Following this, a hearing will be conducted of Hungary where the Council can address recommendations to it. The Council needs to vote by a ⅘ majority to actually determine a clear risk of a serious breach of the EU’s values. This is separate from Article 7(2), which is the process leading to sanctions.
As part of the 2021-2027 MFF proposals, the Commission has proposed a mechanism whereby EU funding could be suspended to member states that don’t have independent judiciaries or flout the rule of law. The Commission would propose to suspend funding, and the decision is presumed to be adopted unless a qualified majority of EU countries votes against it. Individual beneficiaries of EU funding through schemes such as Erasmus+ should not be affected.
In October 2018, the Commission intends to produce a mechanism to promote the rule of law in the European Union, though it is not yet clear what form this may take.
The Commission will also produce a document which discusses the possibility of expanding the competences of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office to fight cross-border terrorism, which currently has a mandate to fight fraud against the EU budget. 22 member states (all bar Denmark, Hungary, Ireland, Poland, Sweden & the United Kingdom) are currently part of the project.

Brexit

The United Kingdom and the European Union have reached agreement on at least 80% of the draft withdrawal agreement text, including issues such as the rights of EU citizens post Brexit and the budgetary settlement that the UK will pay. Agreement was also reached on a transition period, where the UK would follow EU law and pay into the budget as if it was a member until December 31st, 2020. The UK can negotiate and sign deals during this period but not implement them unless authorised by the European Commission.
Negotiations are still needed on certain issues, such as the Protocol on Northern Ireland and the way a hard border can be avoided between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus, Gibraltar, data protection, ongoing police and judicial cooperation, the role of the EU Court of Justice and geographical indicators are other areas that are yet to be resolved.
The UK Government published a White Paper (also referred to as the ‘Chequers’ agreement) on July 12th, 2018, leading to the resignation of Cabinet ministers Boris Johnson and David Davis from the government. The EU has also opposed this agreement, with Chief EU negotiator Michel Barnier stating that accepting it could be “the end of the single market and the European project.” It is still controversial in the UK as well, with a former Brexit minister Steve Baker predicting up to 80 Conservative MPs could vote against the agreement. The UK government may even scrap the agreement if the EU gives way on its hard position on the Irish border.
Some EU member states are considering giving Barnier a new mandate to help close a Brexit deal, which will be discussed at the Salzburg summit in a week's time. The planned timing of a deal and the remaining sticking points such as the Irish border will be discussed. Formal guidelines would be adopted by the October European Council, and talks would aimed to be concluded at a hypothetical special Brexit summit in November. However, other sources have said that the current guidelines are sufficient and that the UK may not like the content of hypothetical new guidelines.
The Brexit withdrawal agreement will need the consent of the European Parliament and a reinforced qualified majority vote (72% of the states representing 65% of the population) in the Council of Ministers. It will be accompanied by a political declaration on the future relationship between the UK and the EU, though negotiations can’t properly start until the UK becomes a third country.
Background information: Brexit
Background information: Brexit negotiations

Internal Market

Following a public consultation in which 4.6 million European citizens replied, the European Commission will propose to scrap the biannual change in the clocks. 84% of those who responded were in favour of scrapping the change. Commissioner for Transport Violeta Bulc has stated the change was unlikely to happen before 2021 at the earliest. EU countries are free to decide on their own time zones.
A “digital tax” was proposed by the European Commission whereby EU member states would charge a 3% levy on large companies like Facebook, Twitter and Google. This idea has proved controversial, with countries such as Ireland preferring a solution adopted at a global level to avoid stifling investment and innovation.
To facilitate agreement on the file, France has said it could consider ways to compensate Ireland for possible lost revenues from the proposal, and a "sunset clause" has been suggested where by the EU tax would no longer have effect once the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) comes up with a global solution. The aim is to agree on the EU tax by the end of 2018.

Foreign Relations

High Representative Federica Mogherini wants to see a binding agreement on relations between Serbia and Kosovo by the end of her mandate in November 2019. Recently, there have been suggestions of ‘border swaps’ between Kosovo and Serbia to agree on a deal. Some have been receptive to the idea, but countries such as Germany have rejected any border changes.
Germany has begun construction of Nord Stream II in German coastal waters, a controversial gas pipeline with Russia, despite the threat of US sanctions on the companies involved in financing the pipeline and the objection of some Eastern European states. President Trump has started that the project would make Germany a “captive” of Russia.
Germany, Finland, Sweden and Russia have given approval for the pipeline to pass through their territorial waters, but Denmark’s approval is still pending. Nord Stream 2 filed an application to Denmark for a new route that would avoid Denmark’s territorial waters altogether.
The European Commission also published a plan to provide €18 million in aid to Iran following some US sanctions being re-introduced on August 6th. In November, the US will introduce sanctions on oil. The EU has introduced a ‘blocking statute’ which forbids companies from complying with US sanctions. If firms are wanting to pull out of Iran to comply with US sanctions, they should get EU authorisation, but not if it is a business decision.
A communication on extending the use of qualified majority voting (QMV) in foreign policy will be produced, exploring the possibility of introducing QMV rules on human rights, sanctions, and joint civilian mission decisions. Certain sanctions regimes may keep unanimity rules, but it could be used especially when the EU has to implement UN sanctions. It will require unanimous agreement among all member states to move from unanimity to qualified majority voting rules.

Environment

On Monday, the European Parliament’s Environment committee voted for cutting emissions for cars and vans by 20% by 2025 and 45% by 2030, above the targets of 15% and 30% proposed by the Commission. The plenary of the European Parliament will vote on the issue next month.
Carbon prices under the EU’s Emissions Trading System (ETS) hit a decade high in August 2018 at €20 a tonne, following reforms to introduce a Market Stability Reserve that removes excess credits from the market.
The ETS provides ‘licences’ to pollute a certain amount each year. Those businesses that don’t have enough licences for the amount of pollution they give off are required to purchase more else they are fined, while those who have more licences than needed can sell the excess. The cap is progressively reduced over time so as to reduce carbon emissions within the EU.
The European Commission will potentially produce a long-term EU strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in November 2018.

Previous State of the European Union Speeches

2017

President Juncker presented a much more upbeat picture of the state of the EU, saying "the wind is back in Europe's sails." He rejected calls for a multi-speed Europe, stating that “Europe must breathe with both lungs. Otherwise our continent will struggle for air.” He also stated that now was the time for completing the “European House” as the “sun is shining”.
He announced various proposals, such as creating an EU Cybersecurity Agency, trade negotiations with Australia and New Zealand, reforms of the Eurozone, opening up Schengen to Bulgaria and Romania, and moving to more qualified majority voting for certain decisions.

2016

For Juncker’s second SOTEU speech, he again put forward a somewhat gloomy picture of the state of the EU, stating that “our European Union is, at least in part, in an existential crisis”. This speech followed the UK’s vote to leave the European Union in June 2016.
He mentioned how the EU was currently facing many “unresolved problems”, and revealed proposals the Commission would be putting forward over the next year to try to resolve them, attempting to create a Europe that “protects, empowers and defends”.

2015

Juncker’s first SOTEU speech as Commission President mentioned how there was “not enough Union in this Union”, painting a somewhat dark picture of the state of the European Union at the time.
The main topics of his speech were migration, the Eurozone crisis, the UK’s (then) future referendum on EU membership, EU-Ukraine relations and addressing climate change.

2014

There was no State of the Union speech, as it was the year of the European Parliament elections.
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[HFM BETA] Historical Flavour Mod v1.27c

Download Link in Pastebin

This is will be a beta release of the upcoming 1.28 release as I need testers to help test the changes made.

Expect there to be un-seen bugs as I haven't tested everything fully yet.

If you are interested in helping out, just download the latest release and just post any issues you encounter, also help to see if there's any crazy amounts of migration going to only a certain country/province, as there are many experimental changes to pop migrations.

Changelog 1.27c BETA

Bugfixes

Other Changes

Changes to Map

Changes to Europe

Changes to Asia

Changes to Africa

Changes to Americas

submitted by sighpiepies to paradoxplaza [link] [comments]

Former AFL-CIO President [Jesuit trained] Lane Kirkland dies: a Cold War anti-communist and servant of big business, World Socialist Website, August 21 1999

source: https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/1999/08/kirk-a21.html
"

Former AFL-CIO President Lane Kirkland dies: a Cold War anti-communist and servant of big business


By Jerry White and Barry Grey 21 August 1999
Lane Kirkland, the president of the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) from 1979 to 1995, died of lung cancer August 14 at the age of 77.
If Kirkland's predecessor George Meany is associated with the postwar consolidation of the American trade union bureaucracy, Kirkland's name is linked to the disintegration of the unions in the US. By the time Kirkland was forced to resign in a shake-up within the AFL-CIO Executive Council, the union federation was well on the way to organizational collapse, with barely 15 percent of US workers unionized, down from 35 percent after World War II.
The most damning testimony to the significance of Kirkland's career is the fact that his passing had no impact on American workers. Indeed, the vast majority of workers do not even know the name of the man who represented American labor for 16 years—a fact that speaks volumes about the real relationship between the AFL-CIO and the working class.
It is indicative of the tragedy of the American workers' movement that an insignificant reactionary and cynic like Kirkland should end up speaking in its name. Kirkland never had any personal relationship, either practically or intellectually, to the working class. After a war-time stint as a merchant marine, he groomed himself for a career as a professional anti-communist by studying at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service{Jesuit]. From there he went to work for the old AFL as a specialist in subverting anti-capitalist workers' organizations around the world.
Kirkland could just as readily have worked out of the offices of the State Department or the CIA as the Washington headquarters of the AFL-CIO. His spent his days plotting, in collaboration with his colleagues in the foreign policy and intelligence establishment, the tactics of intimidation, extortion, violence and murder that were used to quash labor insurgencies in Europe and elsewhere, and make the world safe for American big business.
He was utterly indifferent to the struggles and problems of American workers, and made no attempt to conceal his indifference. Even bourgeois journalists could not help but remark on the AFL-CIO president's obvious unconcern for the plight of ordinary workers. On the rare occasions—stage managed and ceremonial—when Kirkland found himself in the company of workers on a picket line or speaking before a section of the rank and file, the sullen and sardonic AFL-CIO president was so obviously out of his element, one's natural response was to laugh at the absurdity of the scene.
Kirkland's death evoked warm tributes in the media, including the New York Times, the Washington Post and the rabidly anti-labor Wall Street Journal. The inevitable designation “labor statesman” was much in evidence.
Calling Kirkland “one of the towering figures in the American labor movement,” President Clinton{Jesuit trained at Georgetown} said, “... with his unflagging support for free trade unionism internationally, especially in Poland, he helped hasten the fall of the Iron Curtain while showing Americans that it is possible to stand up to communism abroad while standing up for working men and women at home.”
Clinton's remark is significant, because it asserts the exact opposite of the truth. Kirkland's career demonstrates above all the impossibility of defending the interests of workers in the United States while serving the interests of American capitalism at home and abroad.
Kirkland joins the AFL
After graduating from Georgetown{Jesuit}, Kirkland went to work on the AFL's research staff in 1948. He joined the labor federation at a time when it was directing, with the aid of the Central Intelligence Agency, an international campaign to subvert militant labor movements and establish pro-US unions. This included funding the Marseilles Mafia to break the grip of the French Communist Party on the waterfront and channeling money to the Christian Democrats and right-wing unions to prevent the victory of the Italian CP in the 1948 elections. The AFL also set up an operation called the Free China Labor League, which carried out guerrilla warfare and sabotage after the 1949 Chinese Revolution.
At home, the leadership of both the AFL and the CIO were in the midst of a red-baiting purge of socialists and left-wingers from the unions.
Kirkland's conservative political and social upbringing made him a prime candidate for the AFL's operations. He was born March 12, 1922, the son of a middle class cotton buyer in Camden, South Carolina. His great great grandfather had signed South Carolina's Declaration of Secession and later served in the Confederate Senate. According to the obituary published in the New York Times, the AFL-CIO president often referred to the Civil War as the “War of Northern Aggression.”
During the 1950s Kirkland worked his way up the ladder as a labor functionary while writing speeches for Democratic presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson. He impressed Meany, who chose Kirkland as his executive assistant in 1960 to direct the AFL-CIO's daily operations and represent it on Capitol Hill and at the White House. In 1969 Meany selected Kirkland to be secretary-treasurer, the number two position in the organization. He succeeded Meany as president in November of 1979 after Meany retired due to ill health.
Kirkland was a staunch supporter of the Vietnam War and began a close personal friendship with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger{Kissinger became a professor at Jesuit Georgetown University in 1977}. Following the eruption of mass protests against Nixon's invasion of Cambodia and the resumption of bombing in North Vietnam in May 1970, AFL-CIO construction workers were organized to attack anti-war protesters in New York City and elsewhere.
In 1976 Kirkland helped found the Committee on the Present Danger, which demanded larger military budgets to confront the Soviet Union. He was a specialist in the AFL-CIO's vast foreign operations in Europe, Africa, Latin America and Asia. Of particular importance was the American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD), a joint venture between the AFL-CIO, the US government and corporate bosses like J. Peter Grace{Knight of Malta}, chairman of United Fruit. The AIFLD had been founded in 1961 under Meany's tutelage and gave direct aid to US-backed coups in Brazil, Argentina and Chile.
Under Kirkland the AIFLD stepped up its backing of right-wing unions in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua, just as the Reagan administration increased its funding for the death squad regimes in Central America and the contras seeking to overthrow the Sandinista government in Nicaragua.
PATCO and the decade of union-busting
For much of George Meany's reign as AFL-CIO president (1955-79), the implications of the AFL-CIO's reactionary political outlook were obscured by conditions of postwar boom and American global economic hegemony. By the time Kirkland took over, however, the trade unions were already in decline, and the American ruling class was undertaking a sharp turn in its social policy, from a general course of limited social reform and class compromise to a full-scale offensive against the working class.
The shift in ruling class policy exposed before the eyes of millions of American workers the worthlessness of the organizations to which they were wedded. Kirkland's role was to collaborate in the destruction of basic gains that had been won by previous generations of workers, in line with the new demands placed on US big business by the globalization of production and finance and the rise of powerful economic rivals in Europe and Japan. This entailed the open sabotage of workers' struggles against wage-cutting, plant closures and union-busting.
In August 1981 President Reagan fired 11,000 striking air traffic controllers, members of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization, sending a signal to corporate America that the US government would fully support a general union-busting offensive. At the time, Kirkland and the rest of the AFL-CIO Executive Council, who were meeting in Chicago, refused to defend PATCO and allowed Reagan to smash the union and jail many of its leaders.
This pattern would be repeated throughout the 1980s. The AFL-CIO isolated and insured the defeat of strike after strike. A partial list of betrayed struggles includes: Continental Airlines, Phelps Dodge, Greyhound, AT Massey Coal, United Airlines, Pan American Airlines, the Chicago Tribune, Hormel, Wheeling-Pittsburgh, TWA, Colt Firearms, USX Steel, IBP, Patrick Cudahy, John Morrell, International Paper, Pittston, Eastern Airlines and Caterpillar.
The AFL-CIO collaborated in the smashing of strikes and mass layoffs that drove millions of younger, more militant workers out of the unions. This created more favorable conditions for the bureaucracy to establish closer and more open relations of collaboration with the employers. It was during this period that the AFL-CIO officially adopted the policy of corporatism, i.e., the identification of the interests of workers with those of their employers, the rejection of any form of independent working class organization, and the direct collaboration of the unions with corporate management and the government in the form of joint committees and other structures.
Virtually all forms of independent union representation were effaced, and union-company joint committees were established from the shop floor to the highest levels of corporate management and union office. Kirkland personally took part in many labor-management-government boards, including one to examine Social Security “reform.”
Alliance with the Democratic Party
Throughout his career Kirkland opposed any challenge to the AFL-CIO's support to the Democratic Party, despite its collaboration with the Republicans in the attack on the working class. Like his predecessor, Meany, he opposed any moves toward the independent political organization of the working class. He poured millions into Democratic election campaigns, even as the Democrats abandoned any policy of social reform and ignored the concerns of the broad mass of working people.
While ostensibly opposing Reagan, Bush and the Republicans, Kirkland collaborated with Republican administrations in pursuing US Cold War aims throughout the world. Under Reagan, the AFL-CIO became a key participant on the National Endowment for Democracy, established for the purpose of intensifying pressure on the Stalinist regimes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
Kirkland's labors in support of American capitalism have left a devastating legacy to workers all over the world. In Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, capitalist restoration has produced an 800 percent increase in the poverty rate (measured by those who live on $4 a day).
Kirkland's ouster
By the mid-1990s the relentless decline in union membership was creating growing consternation within both the AFL-CIO hierarchy and sections of the corporate and political establishment. The union officialdom had cushioned itself from the impact of the defeats which its policies had helped inflict on the working class, establishing new sources of revenue from joint operations with corporations and government grants. But the ongoing hemorrhaging of the unions' dues base was threatening to overwhelm the bureaucracy and undermine the financial basis of its privileges.
At the same time, sections of the corporate establishment were concerned over the implications of an outright collapse of labor organizations that had for decades kept the working class in check and defended the basic interests of big business. Newspapers like the New York Times and journals such as BusinessWeek began to encourage those within the AFL-CIO top leadership who were coming to the conclusion that the organization needed a face lift, and Kirkland had to be replaced.
At the highest levels of the state, there was a sense that Kirkland's utility as a Cold War asset had diminished in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union.
These and related considerations came together in the drive, publicly launched in early 1995, to force Kirkland to retire. None of the union leaders involved in this effortService Employees President John Sweeney{article : Sweeney's drive for labor rights rooted in Catholic social teaching: https://www.thebostonpilot.com/amp_article.asp?ID=171706 }, Mineworkers President Richard Trumka{Current AFL/CIO president, Catholic}, public employees union head Gerald McEntee{Catholic}had any significant political differences with Kirkland. Their “revolt” expressed not the anger of the rank and file, but rather the machinations of one faction of the bureaucracy against another, aimed at preserving the position of the trade union bureaucracy as a whole.
An incident in the waning days of Kirkland's reign sums up the combination of complacency, bureaucratic inertia and intellectual torpor that characterizes the American trade union leadership as a whole, and which found a particularly repellent expression in the person of its longtime standard bearer. At a press conference during the February 1995 AFL-CIO Executive Council meeting, held at the exclusive seaside resort of Bal Harbour, Florida, Kirkland was asked about the strategy of the AFL-CIO for the future. Kirkland replied, “Our strategy and our goals haven't changed since Gompers spelled them out as ‘What Does Labor Want.'”
He proceeded to paraphrase the mildly reformist agenda which Samuel Gompers, the first president of the American Federation of Labor, enunciated in 1893. Even then Gompers' program was reviled by advanced workers, who considered it a byword for narrow “nickel and dime” trade unionism and the politics of class collaboration. Some four decades later, in the midst of the Great Depression, millions of American workers repudiated the elitist craft unionism of Gompers, broke from the AFL and undertook a series of mass sit-down strikes that led to the organization of auto, steel, electronics and other basic industries in the new CIO.
Kirkland was impervious to this, and every other history-making convulsion of the twentieth century, exhibiting the hide-bound reaction that had led American workers from one disaster to another in the course of his presidency.
Kirkland's political senility was, in the final analysis, an expression of more than the subjective qualities of a very reactionary individual. His tenure as AFL-CIO president saw the completion of an objective process—the bureaucratization and calcification of a trade union movement organically incapable of providing leadership to the working class, all the more so under conditions of the globalization of economic life. Under Kirkland, the fundamental conflict between the interests of the working class and organizations dominated by a privileged, upper-middle-class layer—and the nationalist, pro-capitalist politics that reflect the interests of this layer—was revealed in the open transformation of the unions into instruments of big business and the capitalist state.
That this is an objective historical process is underscored by the trajectory of trade unions all over the world, whose decay has mirrored that of the AFL-CIO.."
submitted by Ainsoph777 to conspiracy [link] [comments]

The Half-Life 2 Episode 3 List

Remember The Duke Nukem Forever List? Well, it'll be ten years since Episode 2 next month. I think it's time.

World Events

Video Games

And of course

Duke Nukem Forever came out.

This is probably overly long and I left out some important stuff... like everything not listed on Wikipedia's 'events in YEAR' pages. And of course this is entirely stuff I thought was important-ish, thus all the space news. But eh, it's enough to be really depressing... the entire Rock Band and Assassins Creed serieses? Seriously?
submitted by keiyakins to HalfLife [link] [comments]

Former AFL-CIO President [Jesuit trained] Lane Kirkland dies: a Cold War anti-communist and servant of big business, World Socialist Website, August 21 1999

source: https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/1999/08/kirk-a21.html
"

Former AFL-CIO President Lane Kirkland dies: a Cold War anti-communist and servant of big business

By Jerry White and Barry Grey 21 August 1999
Lane Kirkland, the president of the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) from 1979 to 1995, died of lung cancer August 14 at the age of 77.
If Kirkland's predecessor George Meany is associated with the postwar consolidation of the American trade union bureaucracy, Kirkland's name is linked to the disintegration of the unions in the US. By the time Kirkland was forced to resign in a shake-up within the AFL-CIO Executive Council, the union federation was well on the way to organizational collapse, with barely 15 percent of US workers unionized, down from 35 percent after World War II.
The most damning testimony to the significance of Kirkland's career is the fact that his passing had no impact on American workers. Indeed, the vast majority of workers do not even know the name of the man who represented American labor for 16 years—a fact that speaks volumes about the real relationship between the AFL-CIO and the working class.
It is indicative of the tragedy of the American workers' movement that an insignificant reactionary and cynic like Kirkland should end up speaking in its name. Kirkland never had any personal relationship, either practically or intellectually, to the working class. After a war-time stint as a merchant marine, he groomed himself for a career as a professional anti-communist by studying at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service{Jesuit]. From there he went to work for the old AFL as a specialist in subverting anti-capitalist workers' organizations around the world.
Kirkland could just as readily have worked out of the offices of the State Department or the CIA as the Washington headquarters of the AFL-CIO. His spent his days plotting, in collaboration with his colleagues in the foreign policy and intelligence establishment, the tactics of intimidation, extortion, violence and murder that were used to quash labor insurgencies in Europe and elsewhere, and make the world safe for American big business.
He was utterly indifferent to the struggles and problems of American workers, and made no attempt to conceal his indifference. Even bourgeois journalists could not help but remark on the AFL-CIO president's obvious unconcern for the plight of ordinary workers. On the rare occasions—stage managed and ceremonial—when Kirkland found himself in the company of workers on a picket line or speaking before a section of the rank and file, the sullen and sardonic AFL-CIO president was so obviously out of his element, one's natural response was to laugh at the absurdity of the scene.
Kirkland's death evoked warm tributes in the media, including the New York Times, the Washington Post and the rabidly anti-labor Wall Street Journal. The inevitable designation “labor statesman” was much in evidence.
Calling Kirkland “one of the towering figures in the American labor movement,” President Clinton{Jesuit trained at Georgetown} said, “... with his unflagging support for free trade unionism internationally, especially in Poland, he helped hasten the fall of the Iron Curtain while showing Americans that it is possible to stand up to communism abroad while standing up for working men and women at home.”
Clinton's remark is significant, because it asserts the exact opposite of the truth. Kirkland's career demonstrates above all the impossibility of defending the interests of workers in the United States while serving the interests of American capitalism at home and abroad.
Kirkland joins the AFL
After graduating from Georgetown{Jesuit}, Kirkland went to work on the AFL's research staff in 1948. He joined the labor federation at a time when it was directing, with the aid of the Central Intelligence Agency, an international campaign to subvert militant labor movements and establish pro-US unions. This included funding the Marseilles Mafia to break the grip of the French Communist Party on the waterfront and channeling money to the Christian Democrats and right-wing unions to prevent the victory of the Italian CP in the 1948 elections. The AFL also set up an operation called the Free China Labor League, which carried out guerrilla warfare and sabotage after the 1949 Chinese Revolution.
At home, the leadership of both the AFL and the CIO were in the midst of a red-baiting purge of socialists and left-wingers from the unions.
Kirkland's conservative political and social upbringing made him a prime candidate for the AFL's operations. He was born March 12, 1922, the son of a middle class cotton buyer in Camden, South Carolina. His great great grandfather had signed South Carolina's Declaration of Secession and later served in the Confederate Senate. According to the obituary published in the New York Times, the AFL-CIO president often referred to the Civil War as the “War of Northern Aggression.”
During the 1950s Kirkland worked his way up the ladder as a labor functionary while writing speeches for Democratic presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson. He impressed Meany, who chose Kirkland as his executive assistant in 1960 to direct the AFL-CIO's daily operations and represent it on Capitol Hill and at the White House. In 1969 Meany selected Kirkland to be secretary-treasurer, the number two position in the organization. He succeeded Meany as president in November of 1979 after Meany retired due to ill health.
Kirkland was a staunch supporter of the Vietnam War and began a close personal friendship with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger{Kissinger became a professor at Jesuit Georgetown University in 1977}. Following the eruption of mass protests against Nixon's invasion of Cambodia and the resumption of bombing in North Vietnam in May 1970, AFL-CIO construction workers were organized to attack anti-war protesters in New York City and elsewhere.
In 1976 Kirkland helped found the Committee on the Present Danger, which demanded larger military budgets to confront the Soviet Union. He was a specialist in the AFL-CIO's vast foreign operations in Europe, Africa, Latin America and Asia. Of particular importance was the American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD), a joint venture between the AFL-CIO, the US government and corporate bosses like J. Peter Grace{Knight of Malta}, chairman of United Fruit. The AIFLD had been founded in 1961 under Meany's tutelage and gave direct aid to US-backed coups in Brazil, Argentina and Chile.
Under Kirkland the AIFLD stepped up its backing of right-wing unions in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua, just as the Reagan administration increased its funding for the death squad regimes in Central America and the contras seeking to overthrow the Sandinista government in Nicaragua.
PATCO and the decade of union-busting
For much of George Meany's reign as AFL-CIO president (1955-79), the implications of the AFL-CIO's reactionary political outlook were obscured by conditions of postwar boom and American global economic hegemony. By the time Kirkland took over, however, the trade unions were already in decline, and the American ruling class was undertaking a sharp turn in its social policy, from a general course of limited social reform and class compromise to a full-scale offensive against the working class.
The shift in ruling class policy exposed before the eyes of millions of American workers the worthlessness of the organizations to which they were wedded. Kirkland's role was to collaborate in the destruction of basic gains that had been won by previous generations of workers, in line with the new demands placed on US big business by the globalization of production and finance and the rise of powerful economic rivals in Europe and Japan. This entailed the open sabotage of workers' struggles against wage-cutting, plant closures and union-busting.
In August 1981 President Reagan fired 11,000 striking air traffic controllers, members of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization, sending a signal to corporate America that the US government would fully support a general union-busting offensive. At the time, Kirkland and the rest of the AFL-CIO Executive Council, who were meeting in Chicago, refused to defend PATCO and allowed Reagan to smash the union and jail many of its leaders.
This pattern would be repeated throughout the 1980s. The AFL-CIO isolated and insured the defeat of strike after strike. A partial list of betrayed struggles includes: Continental Airlines, Phelps Dodge, Greyhound, AT Massey Coal, United Airlines, Pan American Airlines, the Chicago Tribune, Hormel, Wheeling-Pittsburgh, TWA, Colt Firearms, USX Steel, IBP, Patrick Cudahy, John Morrell, International Paper, Pittston, Eastern Airlines and Caterpillar.
The AFL-CIO collaborated in the smashing of strikes and mass layoffs that drove millions of younger, more militant workers out of the unions. This created more favorable conditions for the bureaucracy to establish closer and more open relations of collaboration with the employers. It was during this period that the AFL-CIO officially adopted the policy of corporatism, i.e., the identification of the interests of workers with those of their employers, the rejection of any form of independent working class organization, and the direct collaboration of the unions with corporate management and the government in the form of joint committees and other structures.
Virtually all forms of independent union representation were effaced, and union-company joint committees were established from the shop floor to the highest levels of corporate management and union office. Kirkland personally took part in many labor-management-government boards, including one to examine Social Security “reform.”
Alliance with the Democratic Party
Throughout his career Kirkland opposed any challenge to the AFL-CIO's support to the Democratic Party, despite its collaboration with the Republicans in the attack on the working class. Like his predecessor, Meany, he opposed any moves toward the independent political organization of the working class. He poured millions into Democratic election campaigns, even as the Democrats abandoned any policy of social reform and ignored the concerns of the broad mass of working people.
While ostensibly opposing Reagan, Bush and the Republicans, Kirkland collaborated with Republican administrations in pursuing US Cold War aims throughout the world. Under Reagan, the AFL-CIO became a key participant on the National Endowment for Democracy, established for the purpose of intensifying pressure on the Stalinist regimes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
Kirkland's labors in support of American capitalism have left a devastating legacy to workers all over the world. In Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, capitalist restoration has produced an 800 percent increase in the poverty rate (measured by those who live on $4 a day).
Kirkland's ouster
By the mid-1990s the relentless decline in union membership was creating growing consternation within both the AFL-CIO hierarchy and sections of the corporate and political establishment. The union officialdom had cushioned itself from the impact of the defeats which its policies had helped inflict on the working class, establishing new sources of revenue from joint operations with corporations and government grants. But the ongoing hemorrhaging of the unions' dues base was threatening to overwhelm the bureaucracy and undermine the financial basis of its privileges.
At the same time, sections of the corporate establishment were concerned over the implications of an outright collapse of labor organizations that had for decades kept the working class in check and defended the basic interests of big business. Newspapers like the New York Times and journals such as BusinessWeek began to encourage those within the AFL-CIO top leadership who were coming to the conclusion that the organization needed a face lift, and Kirkland had to be replaced.
At the highest levels of the state, there was a sense that Kirkland's utility as a Cold War asset had diminished in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union.
These and related considerations came together in the drive, publicly launched in early 1995, to force Kirkland to retire. None of the union leaders involved in this effortService Employees President John Sweeney{article : Sweeney's drive for labor rights rooted in Catholic social teaching: https://www.thebostonpilot.com/amp_article.asp?ID=171706 }, Mineworkers President Richard Trumka{Current AFL/CIO president, Catholic}, public employees union head Gerald McEntee{Catholic}had any significant political differences with Kirkland. Their “revolt” expressed not the anger of the rank and file, but rather the machinations of one faction of the bureaucracy against another, aimed at preserving the position of the trade union bureaucracy as a whole.
An incident in the waning days of Kirkland's reign sums up the combination of complacency, bureaucratic inertia and intellectual torpor that characterizes the American trade union leadership as a whole, and which found a particularly repellent expression in the person of its longtime standard bearer. At a press conference during the February 1995 AFL-CIO Executive Council meeting, held at the exclusive seaside resort of Bal Harbour, Florida, Kirkland was asked about the strategy of the AFL-CIO for the future. Kirkland replied, “Our strategy and our goals haven't changed since Gompers spelled them out as ‘What Does Labor Want.'”
He proceeded to paraphrase the mildly reformist agenda which Samuel Gompers, the first president of the American Federation of Labor, enunciated in 1893. Even then Gompers' program was reviled by advanced workers, who considered it a byword for narrow “nickel and dime” trade unionism and the politics of class collaboration. Some four decades later, in the midst of the Great Depression, millions of American workers repudiated the elitist craft unionism of Gompers, broke from the AFL and undertook a series of mass sit-down strikes that led to the organization of auto, steel, electronics and other basic industries in the new CIO.
Kirkland was impervious to this, and every other history-making convulsion of the twentieth century, exhibiting the hide-bound reaction that had led American workers from one disaster to another in the course of his presidency.
Kirkland's political senility was, in the final analysis, an expression of more than the subjective qualities of a very reactionary individual. His tenure as AFL-CIO president saw the completion of an objective process—the bureaucratization and calcification of a trade union movement organically incapable of providing leadership to the working class, all the more so under conditions of the globalization of economic life. Under Kirkland, the fundamental conflict between the interests of the working class and organizations dominated by a privileged, upper-middle-class layer—and the nationalist, pro-capitalist politics that reflect the interests of this layer—was revealed in the open transformation of the unions into instruments of big business and the capitalist state.
That this is an objective historical process is underscored by the trajectory of trade unions all over the world, whose decay has mirrored that of the AFL-CIO.."
submitted by Ainsoph777 to Jesuitworldorder [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: CryptoCurrency top posts from 2016-03-26 to 2017-03-25 06:16 PDT

Period: 363.66 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 5933
Rate (per day) 2.75 16.28
Unique Redditors 374 1711
Combined Score 21623 13093

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 1930 points, 78 submissions: Coinosphere
    1. Bitcoin expected to become part of everyday life in the Caribbean within eighteen months as banks abandon the region (70 points, 11 comments)
    2. Marijuana now legal in eight more US States while vendors get more bitcoin options (66 points, 0 comments)
    3. Bitfinex hacked, halts trading, deposits, and withdrawals - 119,756 BTC lost so far with no insurance (60 points, 5 comments)
    4. Hacker holds San Francisco railway to ransom, demands 100 bitcoins (59 points, 8 comments)
    5. South Korea plans national digital currency using a Blockchain (52 points, 6 comments)
    6. Santander says ‘Yes to bitcoin’ in Brazil (50 points, 3 comments)
    7. Ukraine to be the first government to integrate blockchain technology, targets corruption (48 points, 1 comment)
    8. 50% of all consumers would use bank alternatives, including bitcoin, as Bank irrelevance grows (46 points, 0 comments)
    9. Core Bitcoin developer uncovers possible plot by ChainAnchor to force AML onto Bitcoin (46 points, 9 comments)
    10. Seafile replaces Paypal with bitcoin after Paypal privacy shenanigans (46 points, 0 comments)
  2. 930 points, 39 submissions: helmsk
    1. Countdown: Bitcoin Will Be a Legal Method of Payment in Japan in Two Months (88 points, 2 comments)
    2. Bitcoin Transactions Declared VAT-Exempt in Norway (85 points, 3 comments)
    3. Zeronet Wants to Replace the Dark Web by Marrying Bitcoin to Bittorrent Over Tor (46 points, 3 comments)
    4. Central Bank of Nigeria Says ‘We Can’t Stop Bitcoin’ (44 points, 6 comments)
    5. New Image Hosting Service Pays Thousands of Uploaders in Bitcoin (43 points, 4 comments)
    6. Coinbase Exits as Hawaii Requires Bitcoin Companies to Hold Fiat Reserves (39 points, 7 comments)
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    8. One of These 5 Hyperinflating Economies Could Adopt Bitcoin in 2017 (32 points, 6 comments)
    9. Polish Bitcoin Adoption Escalating with Strong Ecosystem (30 points, 1 comment)
    10. A Look At Bitcoin Bubbles, When Will the Next One Be? (25 points, 6 comments)
  3. 846 points, 36 submissions: e-ok
    1. Europe Will Have Power to Ban Blockchain Tech in January 2018 (51 points, 20 comments)
    2. Bitcoin Projects on Github Surpass 10,000 (47 points, 3 comments)
    3. Italy's Largest Taxi Fleet Accepts Bitcoin (46 points, 2 comments)
    4. Bitcoin Symbol Left Out of Unicode's Latest Version (42 points, 4 comments)
    5. Malta's Prime Minister Says Europe Should Become the Bitcoin Continent (40 points, 3 comments)
    6. SEC Rejects Rule Change for Bitcoin ETF (32 points, 0 comments)
    7. Bitcoin Price Poised for a Breakout, Technical Analysis Shows (31 points, 5 comments)
    8. ECB to EU: Tighter Regulations, Less Anonymity on Digital Currencies (29 points, 8 comments)
    9. OpenBazaar 2.0 Now Running on Tor Network (27 points, 0 comments)
    10. Trump's Trade War With China Could Boost Chinese Bitcoin Demand (27 points, 8 comments)
  4. 801 points, 39 submissions: Posternut
    1. ‘Decentralized Reddit’ Steemit Awards $1.3 Million to Users (48 points, 15 comments)
    2. IBM Invests $200M Into Blockchain and IoT Research at German Headquarters (45 points, 2 comments)
    3. Bitcoin Price Rally Rages on, Market Cap Passes $10Bn USD (34 points, 0 comments)
    4. Apple Tells Jaxx To Remove Dashpay (31 points, 32 comments)
    5. Secret Chinese Bitcoin Mines Are Mining Millions (31 points, 4 comments)
    6. A Decentralized World Has No Kings (29 points, 0 comments)
    7. China's Social Security Fund to Use Blockchain Technology (28 points, 3 comments)
    8. FBI Director: 'There's No Such Thing As Absolute Privacy’ (28 points, 4 comments)
    9. Kim Dotcom’s Mega & Bitcoin ‘Baby’ Will Be Born This January (28 points, 5 comments)
    10. BitPay Launches Loadable Visa (27 points, 0 comments)
  5. 784 points, 35 submissions: CryptoCurrencyNews
    1. Libertarian City Liberstad in Norway is Moving Forward Using Bitcoin as Primary Currency (67 points, 8 comments)
    2. What Is the Flippening? (53 points, 16 comments)
    3. Only 807 People Have Declared Bitcoin for Tax Purposes According to IRS (40 points, 12 comments)
    4. Storj to Migrate Decentralized Storage Service to Ethereum Blockchain (40 points, 5 comments)
    5. Darknet Marketplace AlphaBay Will Enable Ethereum Payments Soon (35 points, 14 comments)
    6. The Trump Administration is Buying Into Blockchain Tech (35 points, 5 comments)
    7. Coinbase Receives Approval To Trade Ether and Litecoin in New York (32 points, 2 comments)
    8. Bitcoin's Price Just Finished its First Month Above $1,000 (29 points, 1 comment)
    9. Chinese Central Bank Requiring Extreme Customer Verifications at Exchanges (29 points, 5 comments)
    10. The EU is Now Targeting “Unpermissioned” Blockchains (29 points, 10 comments)
  6. 633 points, 35 submissions: twigwam
    1. Creator of the JavaScript language and early Internet pioneer plans blockchain-based digital ad platform on the Ethereum network (40 points, 18 comments)
    2. NYTimes on Ethereum... (37 points, 15 comments)
    3. The Disaster that is Bitcoin (35 points, 20 comments)
    4. Bitcoin is a Highly Centralized Network, Says Harvard Researcher - CCN (31 points, 14 comments)
    5. Gavin: Ethereum will outgrow Bitcoin at this pace. (28 points, 9 comments)
    6. The Amount of Self-Proclaimed Ethereum Experts Surpasses 3,000 On LinkedIn (25 points, 8 comments)
    7. [The Economist] Ethereum: One blockchain to rule them all? - talk with Vitalik Buterin (25 points, 0 comments)
    8. How the blockchain will radically transform the economy | Bettina Warburg (22 points, 9 comments)
    9. Vitalik Buterin to Debut Ethereum Scaling Paper at Devcon - CoinDesk (22 points, 7 comments)
    10. [Coinbase] "is convinced that public blockchains and cryptocurrencies would eventually produce greater innovation, just as the open Internet has changed society more than private intranets have." - Forbes in-depth article (20 points, 0 comments)
  7. 522 points, 20 submissions: olivercarding
    1. Bitcoin Activity in India Has Doubled Since the Banknote Ban (58 points, 0 comments)
    2. Apple Approves Steem, Lisk and Digicash for App Store; Rejects Ethereum Classic (57 points, 10 comments)
    3. Bitcoin Has Many Fans at Amazon According to Purse CEO Andrew Lee (50 points, 5 comments)
    4. $5 Worth of Bitcoin Gets You Internet ‘For Life’ on the Darknet (36 points, 7 comments)
    5. 4 Monero Features That Enable Better Privacy Than Bitcoin (35 points, 0 comments)
    6. Bitcoin is Eating the Entire Online Gambling Industry (31 points, 2 comments)
    7. Report Estimates There are More Than 10 Million Bitcoin Holders Worldwide (28 points, 7 comments)
    8. Bitcoin Dominance Index Approaches 90% as Ethereum and Steem Decline (25 points, 4 comments)
    9. Singapore’s Status Wants to Bring Ethereum to Every Mobile Device (25 points, 0 comments)
    10. Slock.It Says 'The DAO's Journey is Over' (23 points, 0 comments)
  8. 513 points, 21 submissions: _CapR_
    1. Polls suggest the Pirate Party who support Bitcoins as legal tender may win Saturday's election in Iceland (48 points, 3 comments)
    2. ALERT: Apple just approved two more scam wallets, please help reporting them - (/Bitcoin x-post) (41 points, 0 comments)
    3. War On Cash Intensifies: Citibank To Stop Accepting Cash At Some Branches (40 points, 3 comments)
    4. Russian Authorities: Bitcoin Poses No Threat, Won’t Be Banned (36 points, 5 comments)
    5. The Govt. Realized Bitcoin Could Not Be Shut down, Says U.S. Federal Prosecutor - CryptoCoinsNews (36 points, 7 comments)
    6. Saudis, China dump treasuries; foreign banks liquidate a record $346 billion in US paper (33 points, 2 comments)
    7. IRS Fail: Treasury Audit Says it Can't Manage Virtual Currencies - Bitcoin News (32 points, 2 comments)
    8. Bitcoin Is Real Money, Judge Rules in J.P. Morgan Hack (31 points, 0 comments)
    9. Massive scams like OneCoin harm all of crypto & can increase bad regs - help me make a letter on GitHub to send to enforcement agencies (29 points, 9 comments)
    10. Deploy is the fastest and easiest way to create an OpenBazaar store that will stay up 24/7, auto-update, and operate securely. (27 points, 0 comments)
  9. 365 points, 20 submissions: jholmes91
    1. Monero Testing $10, Releases Official Wallet (39 points, 1 comment)
    2. Litecoin Creator: I think there's a General Confusion that SegWit Signaling is a Vote (28 points, 2 comments)
    3. Open-source Cold Storage Guide for Bitcoin in the Works! (27 points, 1 comment)
    4. One in Five Users May Abandon Bitcoin Because of Privacy Concerns (24 points, 19 comments)
    5. Jaxx Wallet Set to Integrate DASH This Week (23 points, 4 comments)
    6. IRS Summons Coinbase, but the Bitcoin Exchange Fights Back (22 points, 2 comments)
    7. New OpenBazaar Release Provides Altcoin Integration (21 points, 12 comments)
    8. Russia's Ministry of Finance Wants to Legalize Bitcoin (21 points, 0 comments)
    9. Monero Appreciation Intensifies on Darknet Adoption (20 points, 7 comments)
    10. Monero Attracts Mainstream Media After ZCash Decline & Controversial Launch (18 points, 0 comments)
  10. 355 points, 17 submissions: coin_news
    1. Major Korean Bank to launch bitcoin-backed remittance service (40 points, 1 comment)
    2. Experts say Scotland should adopt blockchain technology, or risk losing tens of thousands of jobs and hundreds of millions in earnings (32 points, 1 comment)
    3. Tumblers and unregulated wallet providers are the target of global cybercrime conference (30 points, 8 comments)
    4. Gemini launches daily bitcoin auctions to provide better price discovery (27 points, 0 comments)
    5. U.S. Department of Homeland Security funds four blockchain companies developing new cyber security technology (27 points, 1 comment)
    6. Deloitte boosts blockchain adoption by installing a bitcoin ATM in their Toronto office (25 points, 0 comments)
    7. DC attorneys suggest Federal Reserve actively embrace and utilize blockchain technology (24 points, 2 comments)
    8. House of Lords told Bank of England's digital currency is 'some way off' (24 points, 1 comment)
    9. 75% of corporate treasurers in Africa and Latin America interested in blockchain solutions (21 points, 0 comments)
    10. Public blockchains gaining acceptance at Bank of Japan’s Payment and Settlement Forum (17 points, 0 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. nugymmer (404 points, 207 comments)
  2. trancephorm (289 points, 67 comments)
  3. SeemedGood (132 points, 53 comments)
  4. indiamikezulu (91 points, 55 comments)
  5. kingofthejaffacakes (88 points, 22 comments)
  6. jwinterm (87 points, 32 comments)
  7. antiprosynthesis (83 points, 43 comments)
  8. nagalim (80 points, 28 comments)
  9. phor2zero (77 points, 13 comments)
  10. humbrie (76 points, 33 comments)
  11. RawlzSec (75 points, 17 comments)
  12. thegauntlet (73 points, 23 comments)
  13. MasterMined710 (70 points, 44 comments)
  14. wolffang1 (68 points, 39 comments)
  15. marenkar (62 points, 24 comments)
  16. shbour (58 points, 26 comments)
  17. twigwam (57 points, 33 comments)
  18. sn0wr4in (56 points, 14 comments)
  19. strips_of_serengeti (56 points, 14 comments)
  20. travis- (55 points, 16 comments)
  21. ASG3 (54 points, 36 comments)
  22. isrly_eder (54 points, 12 comments)
  23. Explodicle (53 points, 29 comments)
  24. _CapR_ (53 points, 25 comments)
  25. autotldr (52 points, 28 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Employee mined bitcoins on Federal Reserve servers for two years by _bnc (106 points, 15 comments)
  2. Talking to people about CryptoCurrencies be like... by discombobulatedone (91 points, 11 comments)
  3. Bitcoin falls below 70% of total cryptocurrency market cap for the first time by SatoshiRoshi (90 points, 62 comments)
  4. Countdown: Bitcoin Will Be a Legal Method of Payment in Japan in Two Months by helmsk (88 points, 2 comments)
  5. Monero successfully hardforks! by jml390 (85 points, 33 comments)
  6. Bitcoin Transactions Declared VAT-Exempt in Norway by helmsk (85 points, 3 comments)
  7. Kraken launches Monero trading by jml390 (82 points, 3 comments)
  8. Poloniex is Secure. We're Good. by Poloniex (79 points, 52 comments)
  9. EU Parliament states Virtual Currencies cannot be anonymous by -bnc (70 points, 26 comments)
  10. Bitcoin expected to become part of everyday life in the Caribbean within eighteen months as banks abandon the region by Coinosphere (70 points, 11 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 44 points: boppie's comment in EU Parliament states Virtual Currencies cannot be anonymous
  2. 40 points: ihaphleas's comment in Bitcoin is not private, only decentralised. What is the most private, secure, and decentralised crypto currency?
  3. 32 points: FatherSigma's comment in How many people here know about Monero (XMR)?
  4. 32 points: adidasimwearing's comment in Best Alternative to Bitcoin
  5. 31 points: TH3J4CK4L's comment in Which coins are currently superior to Bitcoin as a currency / store of money?
  6. 26 points: eleitl's comment in Europe Will Have Power to Ban Blockchain Tech in January 2018
  7. 26 points: trancephorm's comment in Zcash trusted setup disaster. The number of parties used should have much larger. It is sad that they never properly responded to this concern.
  8. 25 points: phor2zero's comment in Which coins are currently superior to Bitcoin as a currency / store of money?
  9. 24 points: pasttense's comment in EU Parliament states Virtual Currencies cannot be anonymous
  10. 24 points: trancephorm's comment in Roger Ver Selling his Bitcoin for Dash to Protest Core Censorship (Today's Tony Podcast)
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Ads for 2017-03-08 (1 / 2)

Subreddit Title Brand
videos Hackers Remotely Kill a Jeep on the Highway Jeep
AskReddit Why is Guinness to Ireland as Budweiser is to the U.S.? Budweiser
OldSchoolCool Ke Huy Quan and Harrison Ford on set of Temple Of Doom in 1983. Ford
OldSchoolCool Harrison Ford and Steven Spielberg filming Raiders of the Lost Ark in 1980. Ford
OldSchoolCool Francis Ford Coppola on set of Apocalypse Now in 1978. Ford
AskReddit Delta Airlines or Southwest Airlines and why? Southwest
history The Invasion of America: How the United States Took Over an Eighth of the World Interactive Historical Map United
personalfinance Should I put my savings for future down payments for a house/car in a Vanguard Target Retirement fund? Target
listentothis TUT feat. Michael Da Vinci -- Corner Stories rap 2013 Vinci
Jokes So the United States federal government was going to release a Donald Trump postage stamp... United
Music Second Sight - Secret Sky Stoner Rock Sky
listentothis Sebastian Davidson feat. Bodhi Jones - Under A Clear Black Sky Chill/Indie Pop/Rock 2017 Sky
worldnews Trump travel ban: Targeted nations condemn new US order - BBC News BBC
AskReddit Why can't hollywood get simple weapons mechanics right? Can't they ask someone or even Google it? Google
Documentaries "The Two Escobars" 2010: An ESPN 30 for 30 film about Pablo and Andres Escobar. One a drug kingpin and the other a nationally-loved soccer player, these two Colombians lived in a time when drugs and soccer were too closely intertwined. ESPN
gaming Anyone else really enjoying Lego Worlds? Lego
AskReddit Redditors outside of the United States, what is your honest opinion of what is happening to the United States, do you see major changes? United
space March 7, 1970 – NASA Lights the Sky for Solar Eclipse Sky
funny The closest Jared will ever get to a Subway again. Subway
OldSchoolCool Tsar Nicholas II of Russia left, with his first cousin, King George V of the United Kingdom 1913 United
gifs Guy attempts to show off in his BMW but fails miserably BMW
LifeProTips LPT: If you feel bad about not helping out beggars at streetlights and street corners, buy or ask for as a gift a bunch of $5 McDonald's gift cards to hand out when you see them McDonald's
news Bin Laden family members 'incinerated' in plane crash - BBC News BBC
AskReddit If you were defined by the search results of 'My first time' in Google videos. Who would you be? Google
Showerthoughts I can't believe the term "hung like a Costco hot dog" isn't a thing. Costco
AskReddit You are to fight a prime Mike Tyson in a ring in a weeks time, what is your plan of action? Tyson
AskReddit How do You fix Google Chrome after Discord breaks it? Google
mildlyinteresting While getting McDonald's was behind Mr. Big mack McDonald's
funny Theta Apple Pie Apple
AskReddit If there seems to be a consensus that Facebook sucks, why doesn't everyone switch to Google +? Google
AskReddit If there seems to be a consensus that Facebook sucks, why doesn't everyone switch to Google +? Facebook
pics Newegg's advertisement on Facebook shows boobies Facebook
personalfinance M26 Geico changed my monthly premium from 87$ a month to 321$ a month. Took away all discounts I had previously. Geico
pics Count Dooku never actually died, apparently he moved to Texas and drives a Honda Accord. Honda
television BBC and ITV look to get more US viewers to pay for British TV shows ITV
Showerthoughts Now that Nike is making Hijabs, I'm looking forward to the Adidas Cross and Under Armor Kippah Nike
funny Great to see Google getting behind International Women's Day with their doodle! Google
news Great-grandmother sucker-punched in Walmart bread aisle Walmart
todayilearned TIL that IBM developed a service linked to Watson to apply linguistic analytics and personality theory to gain insights into a person's traits. It will analyze your Twitter account for free. No promises on accuracy. IBM
todayilearned TIL that IBM developed a service linked to Watson to apply linguistic analytics and personality theory to gain insights into a person's traits. It will analyze your Twitter account for free. No promises on accuracy. Twitter
AskReddit People who are ethnic/racial minorities in countries besides the United States, what's that like? United
news Is Subway Chicken Really 50% Filler? Subway
food Misc Waffle House co-founder Joe Rogers Sr. dies at 97 Rogers
AskReddit Whats you favorite Subway combinations/s? Subway
worldnews Australia's summer broke 205 weather records, climate group says - BBC News BBC
food Homemade Orange Blackberry scones with Orange glaze Orange
news Australia's summer broke 205 weather records, climate group says - BBC News BBC
worldnews New Wikileaks documents claim CIA knew of security flaws in Apple & Android software, and kept them secret so they could be used for spying. Apple
gaming Verdun on the Xbox One - Player's Thoughts Xbox
food Homemade Chopped wedge salad with shredded carrot, cucumber, cherry tomatoes, orange slices. Topped with Orange candied walnuts, and a dressing of: orange mandarin vinegar, Fig vinegar, and olive oil. Orange
food Cat cake for my wife's bday. Apple spice with brown sugar buttercream. Bonus: Stormy-cat in the background. I Ate Apple
videos Time-lapse build of a Lego Delorean Lego
AskReddit Serious What exactly is preventing the United States from providing Universal Healthcare? United
funny Tom and Jerry did the Nike Sport Hijab first. Nike
AskReddit Previous was removed for formatting. Travelers of Reddit. If you are stuck in an airport for a long layover no leaving to the city what world airport would it be and why? Travelers
personalfinance Bank of America or Wells Fargo for Student Wells Fargo
AskReddit Read some of the texts or Facebook messages you sent when you were younger. What's the cringiest thing you can find? Facebook
food Misc Tyson Foods CEO: The Future of Food Might Be Meatless Tyson
Showerthoughts Google should've saved Google Drive for self driving cars Google
funny Taco Bell receipt... "Dreams do come true" Bell
pics The Trump administration praised Exxon for expanding and investing in the US - with words apparently taken straight from an Exxon Mobil press release. Mobil
pics The Trump administration praised Exxon for expanding and investing in the US - with words apparently taken straight from an Exxon Mobil press release. Exxon
pics My friend on Facebook shared this pic of his dog in Canada Facebook
funny Is anyone else getting these annoying messages about Microsoft Edge in Windows 10? Microsoft
funny Seen today at CVS in Truckee, CA CVS
listentothis AtomA -- Hole In The Sky Post Metal/Post Rock/Metal Sky
AskReddit Why do you prefer reddit over Facebook or any other social website? Facebook
worldnews Kabul military hospital comes under attack - BBC News BBC
news Price tag of homelessness in Orange County is nearly $300 million, UCI study finds Orange
worldnews South Korea's Lotte Group under attack in China after handing over land to build missile site: Shanghaiist Lotte Group
aww My dog as a Starbucks coffee. Starbucks
AskReddit A zombie apocalypse breaks out and the only place left unraided is the Walgreens next door. Getting the meds is great but what is your Walgreens weapon of choice? Walgreens
pics 2017 Ford GT more pictures in comments Ford
worldnews The United States and North Korea are heading for a collision like "two accelerating trains with neither side willing to give way," Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi told reporters Wednesday United
AskReddit People with Small Youtube Channels. Who are you? What type of content do you make? And what makes you special/why should we watch? Youtube
funny Even Google hates this asshole Google
gaming HITMAN Killing Elusive Target with a Flying Hay Bale Target
AskReddit SeriousRetail managers of Reddit. Target cashier shortchanged me $10. Didn't notice till I got home. Went back and the tape proved me right. What happens to the cashier now if his drawer was/wasn't $10 over? Target
Showerthoughts The in store Apple tech support is just like the MVA where you have to wait hours upon hours in line Apple
gaming Does anyone have a spare Xbox 360? Xbox
worldnews Philippines scolds CBS over 'Madam Secretary' teaser CBS
AskReddit How would an Uber and/or multilevel marketing prostitution business work? Uber
todayilearned TIL while it has been described as the world's smallest country or nation, Sealand is not officially recognised by any established sovereign state in spite of Sealand's government's claim that it has been de facto recognised by the United Kingdom and Germany. United
pics Is Nike Launching A Hijab Collection That Muslim Athletes Helped To Develop ? Nike
WritingPrompts WP You find out that the world is a matrix, with Facebook like features. You violated the community standards and will soon be banned for life. You have an idea on how to survive. Facebook
worldnews Budget 2017: Hammond's 'upbeat' message over Brexit future - BBC News BBC
science 'Rock star' Archaeopteryx fossil heads for Japan - BBC News BBC
worldnews Germany warns Turkey over Nazi jibes amid referendum row - BBC News BBC
worldnews Kim Jong-nam death: Mystery video of son emerges - BBC News BBC
worldnews Apple, Samsung and Microsoft react to Wikileaks' CIA dump - BBC News Microsoft
worldnews Apple, Samsung and Microsoft react to Wikileaks' CIA dump - BBC News BBC
Music William Bell - The Three of Me R&B/Soul Bell
videos Red vs. Green fight :A 2007 commercial from the United Arab Emirates UAE for Snickers. United
Showerthoughts Using Google to see if my idea/creation is original or not is like playing Russian Roulette with only one empty chamber. Google
pics Black Ferrari with Golden Wheels on Street Ferrari
gaming Does PS4 Original Support HDMI-with-Ethernet? Does Xbox One S? Xbox
IAmA IamA current Victoria's Secret Bra Specialist AMA! Victoria's Secret
funny Tom and Jerry did the Nike Pro Hijab first. Nike
Futurology Pop.Up - Airbus new urban mobility conecpt Airbus
pics Paris Hilton don't tell me what to do Hilton
AskReddit What are the funniest Youtube channels you recommend? Youtube
worldnews In a global ranking of ‘best countries,’ the United States drops to No. 7 United
worldnews Worldnews worthy; Nestlé Denies that Water is a Fundamental Human Right Nestlé
videos In the spirit of the International Women's Day, here is a video from Nike Turkey with Turkish national athletes. English subtitles are available Nike
gaming Help with Xbox one Xbox
worldnews 'Fake doctor' worked in Australia for 11 years - BBC News BBC
worldnews Brexit rebel Lord Heseltine sacked from government role - BBC News BBC
funny Women Shopping Likes The Attention Perfect Chest in United States Must Watch United
OldSchoolCool 1959 Volkswagen Typ2 Kombi Bus Volkswagen
videos Cash Me Outside Girl Danielle Bregoli's Hacked Twitter Account Video w/ commentary Twitter
pics If you think stepping on a Lego is bad . . . Lego
news Exclusive: Airbus may ditch A380's grand staircase as sales tumble Airbus
worldnews So 'Russian Hackers' Were CIA All Along? Twitter Reacts to WikiLeaks CIA Dump Twitter
TwoXChromosomes Emma Watson isn't alone - I face a 'breast backlash' every day - BBC News BBC
mildlyinteresting Two different labeled Fanta cans at the supermarket Fanta
UpliftingNews Teenager's sickle cell reversed with world-first therapy - BBC News BBC
videos Testing the Shower Orange Craze Orange
news Bill Giving Charter Schools Rights to Public School Buildings Advances Charter
UpliftingNews German police bring McDonald's meals to custody cells - BBC News McDonald's
UpliftingNews German police bring McDonald's meals to custody cells - BBC News BBC
worldnews German police bring McDonald's meals to custody cells McDonald's
movies A Clockwork Orange 1971 - "Me sucky sucky. Me love you long time" Orange
personalfinance Should I activate the TD Bank Cash Credit Card I just got accepted for? TD
todayilearned TIL that Michelin Stars, awarded to fine restaurants, are indeed awarded by Michelin Tire Co. They started in 1900 to promote restaurants worth traveling to... and therefore increasing tire sales. Michelin
AskReddit What wrong name you've got on your Starbucks cup? Starbucks
movies The X-Men Movie Canon : A Suggestion Canon
movies A Clockwork Orange 1971 - "Me sucky sucky. Me love you too much" 2:30 Orange
television The Night Manager: BBC drama set to return for series two BBC
funny When u forget how to add ribbons in Microsoft Excel 2013 Microsoft
worldnews In a global ranking of 'best countries,' the United States drops to No. 7 United
movies So which is the better superhero movie - Logan or Lego Batman? Lego
AskReddit Your favourite Youtube channel run by traditional celebrities that's not a TV show archive? Youtube
listentothis Indoor Creature -- In Memory of Don Bell Alt. Pop 2017 Bell
pics On international Women's day Nike comes with an early christmas present for muslim women. Nike
AskReddit What's the best food that you can't easily find in the United States? United
todayilearned TIL Niel deGrasse Tyson has 18 honorary doctorates AND is People Magazine's 2000 sexiest astrophysicist!! Tyson
funny Mike Tyson attempts to say "sauce". Tyson
videos Women In Porsche Cayennes - Family Guy Porsche
funny So I was scrolling down Facebook the other day... Facebook
gaming Is there any reason to get an Xbox One in 2017? Xbox
sports Manchester United testing out the rock hard pitch in Rostov for their upcoming match United
worldnews Robbers 'pose as police' in Hollywood style heist at Johannesburg airport - BBC News BBC
funny Tom and Jerry had the Nike Pro Hijab first. Nike
Showerthoughts When Google auto predicts searches, it confirms that there are such things as dumb questions. Google
TwoXChromosomes Sophie Gregoire Trudeau's women's day post 'shameful' - BBC News BBC
news Invasive snakes threaten forests on Pacific island of Guam - BBC News BBC
gaming Some Ford GT40 action with Assetto Corsa real FOV Ford
nottheonion Parents attempt to restore Tri Delta charter Delta
news Couple 'detained in UAE for sex outside marriage' - BBC News BBC
personalfinance Amazon Chase Visa's terrible APR Chase
OldSchoolCool 1967 Ford Mustang GTA Fastback 390 V8 Ford
mildlyinteresting This McDonald's in Freeport, Maine, USA. McDonald's
WritingPrompts WP You wake up one morning to a text message saying "Next target for assassination: The President of the United States." This was clearly sent to a wrong number, but you have nothing going on today so you decide to go ahead and take the mission. United
gadgets Review: Small, slick design makes Dell XPS 13 2-in-1 the PC laptop to beat Dell
listentothis Rex Orange County -- A Song About Being Sad Acoustic / Folk 2016 Orange
movies Rough Night - Red Band Trailer - Scarlett Johansson, Kate McKinnon, Ilana Glazer, Jillian Bell and Zoe Kravitz Bell
videos Samuel L. Jackson answers Google questions about him Google
television ‘Taboo’ Renewed for Season 2 at FX and BBC One BBC
dataisbeautiful Is anyone able to open this KMZ file into Google Earth or Google Maps? It is a file of climates around the world. Google
AskReddit What are the best real or imagined, past present or future social networking alternatives to Facebook and Reddit? Facebook
Music Father John Misty - Total Entertainment Forever Alternative/Indie Total
AskReddit Where do you see the United States in 20 years? United
pics Daytona motorcycle cops trade Harley-Davidson for Victory The Harleys were replaced this month with Victory Police Motorcycles' Commander I models. Harley-Davidson
aww My little Lego decided she was cold and took matters into her own hands Lego
Jokes Flying Southwest Airlines Southwest
todayilearned TIL Because of a lawsuit, Apple will fix your iPhone 6 Plus for a flat $149 if it qualifies under the "Multi-Touch Repair Program." Apple
AskReddit Reddit, Do you think the Far left and Far Right are going to cause a civil war in the United States and why? United
television How the BBC makes Planet Earth look like a Hollywood movie BBC
gaming I think No Mans Sky just officially launched. Sky
worldnews ARM chip designer stake 'to be sold by Softbank' - BBC News BBC
Music Clams Casino - Natural electronic Casino
AskReddit Serious What would happen overtime if I replaced water with Pepsi Max? Pepsi
gifs How many rednecks does it take to pull a Jeep from a creek bed? xpost /idiotsincars Jeep
pics This Lego tribute to Star Wars is incredible! X-post, Lego Lego
worldnews International Women's Day: Meet the grannies going to school - BBC News BBC
worldnews Malta's Azure Window collapses into the sea - BBC News BBC
Art 5m 15 Feet At-At Walker for carnival - Germany - eBay for sale : eBay
aww Harry loves his new Lego house Lego
gifs A hermit crab in a Lego house Lego
worldnews Kosovo signaled on Wednesday it would turn its security force into a national army, in plans opposed by its ethnic Serb minority that drew immediate criticism from NATO and the territory's biggest foreign supporter, the United States United
AskReddit Why are dashboard cameras not popular in the United States? United
worldnews UK Budget 2017 summary: Key points at-a-glance - BBC News BBC
funny Everyone watching the Google Cloud Next Conference at this moment x-post /google Google
gaming No Mans Sky meets Rocket League Sky
Showerthoughts I'm at a weird age where I really want to buy Apple Jacks to try to win a free XBox One, but then I read the sugar content, sigh, and put the box back and go get something with bran. Apple
explainlikeimfive ELI5 How for example an Xbox One can emulate Xbox 360 games flawlessly, while the most powerful PCs on the market struggle to accomplish the same task? Xbox
todayilearned TIL: From 1850 to 1871, the railroads received more than 175 million acres of public land – an area more than one tenth of the whole United States United
movies Hugh Jackman Replaces Christian Bale in Michael Mann’s Enzo Ferrari Biopic Ferrari
worldnews Rabbit hole leads to 700-year-old Knights Templar cave - BBC News BBC
pics When you meet the President of the United States but GangGang is the only thing you know United
nottheonion Lawsuit: Doctor watched procedure on Youtube before surgery Youtube
gaming "Why Isn't The Switch As Powerful As The Xbox One?" I didn't know you could fit the Xbox into a tiny little tablet. Xbox
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